- Explore the unique lifestyle of Tharus
- Experience the unique culture and Tradition of Tharu
- Stay in a local homestay of Tharu and experience their distinct Language, Culture, Customs, rituals, and lifestyle
One of the most visible groups in Nepal is the Tharus, who are thought to be the earliest inhabitants of the Terai. Tharus are settled in more than 20 districts in the southern part of Nepal. They have their distinct Language, Culture, Customs, rituals, and lifestyle. Most Tharus have Mongoloid physical features.
Nobody is sure where they came from, although some believe they are the descendants of the Rajputs (from Rajasthan), who sent their women and children away to escape Mughal invaders in the 16th century. The women later married into local tribes. Others believe they are descended from the royal Sakya clan, the Buddha's family, although they are not Buddhist. Their beliefs are largely animistic, and increasingly influenced by Hinduism, and they live a life that is well adapted to their environment. Apart from farming, Tharus also hunt and fish.
Tharu are very famous for their ability to fight against Malaria when malaria was deadly to outsiders. The Research found Tharus was 7 times less affected by Malaraya than other ethnic groups living nearby. More recently, the Tharus were exploited by zamindars (landlords), and many Tharus fell into debt and entered into bonded labor known in Nepal as Kamayas and Kamalaris. In 2000 the Kamaiyas were freed by government legislation, but little has been done to help these now landless and workless people. Consequently, in most Terai towns in western Nepal, you will see squatter settlements of former Kamaiyas.
Major area of Tharus Settlements in Nepal
Chitwan National Park Area
Janakpur Dham Area
Most of the area in the Southern Part of Nepal.